What safety precautions need to be taken during maintenance on batteries ?

The room needs to be ventilated to prevent explosions due to gases generate by the battery. Protective clothing, gloves and eye protection should be used to prevent acid splash over. No flames or ignition sources should be brought near batteries. Never short both positive and negative terminals as this will cause short circuit and high energy flashover. When disconnecting batteries, always disconnect negative terminals first and vice versa when reconnecting.